By Howie Fain on behalf of Rank the Vote

Rank the Vote is proud to publish this historical overview of ranked choice voting in the United States, authored by Howie Fain. Howie is a retired public school teacher from Worcester, Mass. and previously co-founded FairVote in 1992. More recently, he has volunteered and worked for Voter Choice Massachusetts, and has acted as a research consultant for other electoral reform organizations throughout the country. Find more of Howie’s work at

This RCV history will be published serially, once a week, in roughly nine installments. We hope the history that unfolds in these installments is as revelatory and inspiring for you as it was for us. Let the curtains rise and the knowledge drop!

The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of Rank the Vote, its members, supporters, funders, or affiliates.